Initially studying theology at the Ryazan seminary, Pavlov's interests in natural science led him to enroll in the University of St. Petersburg where he received a doctorate in 1879. While working on an investigation of the gastric function of dogs, Pavlov noticed the so-called "psychic secretion" generated by dogs in anticipation of food. He altered his experiment to concentrate on what he termed 'conditional reflexes'. His work was a success and helped to win him the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904. The first complete English translation of his work appeared in 1927, entitled Conditional Reflexes: An Investigation of the Physiological Activity of the Cerebral Cortex. Although anti-Marxist, Pavlov was allowed to continue his investigations and work even after the Bolsheviks came to power and contributed important research in many fields, including neurology and psychology.
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Lecture on Work of the Cerebral Hemisphere
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