Babbage was an inventor and mathematician, who is probably best known for his origination of the modern computer. He founded the Analytical Society in 1812 and elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1816. He also played an important role in the founding of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1820 and the Statistical Society in 1834. It was also in 1834 that Babbage invented the principle of the analytical engine which was the model for the first modern electronic computers. His computer was never completed, due in part to a lack of funding, but also to the difficulties envisaged in much of the mechanical engineering involved in its construction.
Babbage invented the speedometer, the locomotive cow-catcher and assisted in establishing the first postal system in England. He contributed numerous papers on statistics, mathematics, geology and physics, not to mention his works on science in England.
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Reflections on the Decline of Science in England
Thoughts on the Principles of Taxation
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