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William Howard Taft

Author Code: AWHT

Born: Sep. 15, 1857 - Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Died: Mar. 8, 1930 - Washington D.C., USA

Taft was educated at Yale and Cincinnati Law School where he took his degree. Taft's first public office was as Assistant Hamilton County Prosecutor, in 1881. Then, at age 30, he served as judge on the Superior Court in Cincinnati for three years, before being appointed Solicitor General of the United States in 1890. Continuing his meteoric rise in the legal profession, Taft was appointed by President Harrison as a judge of the newly created Sixth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati, at age 34. He served on that court from 1892-1900. At the same time, he also served as the first Dean of the University of Cincinnati College of Law. Taft was persuaded by his wife to accept appointment by President McKinley as chief administrator in the Philippines. His task was to transfer government from military to civilian rule. He served as civil governor there from 1901-1904. When Theodore Roosevelt became president after McKinley's assassination, he appointed Taft secretary of war in 1904. Taft was also charged with supervising the construction of the Panama Canal. Taft was picked as Roosevelt's successor in 1908 and became the 27th president after beating William Jennings Bryan in the election. Taft continued Roosevelt's "trust-busting" with Standard Oil, which was dissolved in 1911, instituting an eight-hour day for federal employees, and supporting the Sixteenth Amendment, allowing the income tax (ratified in 1913). Nevertheless, the progressive element of the party wanted Roosevelt back in office and at the 1912 convention split from the party when Taft was renominated. They formed the "Bull-Moose" party which effectively lost the election for the Republicans by splitting the vote and Woodrow Wilson was elected.

After the Presidency, Taft went back to the law - first as a professor of law at Yale where he taught for eight years, and was then nominated by President Harding to be the ninth Chief Justice of the United States and he was confirmed by the Senate the same day. He was the only person in history to be both President and Chief Justice. Upon his elevation to Chief Justice, he stated: "I don't remember that I was ever President."

eBook Code Title/Sub-Title Pub. Yr Pages File Size Type Download Format Find Printed Copy
AWHT003 Annual Addresses
  First Annual Address - 1909
  Second Annual Address - 1910
  Third Annual Address - 1911
  Fourth Annual Address - 1912
1909-1912 101 569k eBook Download PDF - 'Annual Addresses' (AWHT003) Find a printed copy of Annual Addresses by William Howard Taft at AbeBooks
AWHT002 Defense of a Higher Tariff 1909 4 119k Document Download PDF - 'Defense of a Higher Tariff' (AWHT002)
AWHT006 Ethics in Service 1915 30 245k eBook Download PDF - 'Ethics in Service' (AWHT006) Find a printed copy of Ethics in Service by William Howard Taft at AbeBooks
AWHT001 Inaugural Address 1909 8 183k eBook Download PDF - 'Inaugural Address' (AWHT001) Find a printed copy of Inaugural Address by William Howard Taft at AbeBooks
AWHT005 The South and the National Government 1908 8 162k eBook Download PDF - 'The South and the National Government' (AWHT005) Find a printed copy of The South and the National Government by William Howard Taft at AbeBooks
AWHT004 The United States and Peace 1914 40 297k eBook Download PDF - 'The United States and Peace' (AWHT004) Find a printed copy of The United States and Peace by William Howard Taft at AbeBooks

Note: An Asterisk (*) after an author´s name signifies that this is a Pseudonym



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