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James Buchanan

Author Code: AJBU

Born: Apr. 23, 1791 - Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, USA

Died: Jun. 1, 1868 - Wheatland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA

Graduated from Dickinson College in 1809 and began a law practice in Pennsylvania. After a brief period in the state assembly (1814-15), he was elected to the House of Representatives (1821-1831). Although a Federalist, Buchanan supported Jackson in 1828 and became a converted Democrat. He served as Jackson's minister to Russia (1832-33) and was a U.S. Senator from 1835 to 1845. In 1845, James Knox Polk appointed him Secretary of State (until 1849) where he was instrumental in the annexation of Texas, the settlement of the Oregon Boundary Dispute and the Mexican War. He was appointed minister to England (1853-56) by President Pierce. Nominated as a compromise candidate in 1856 against Stephen Douglas and Pierce, Buchanan won the election and became the 15th U.S. President. Shortly after his inauguration, the Supreme Court, in the Dred Scott case, held that the Constitution protected slavery in all U.S. territories. This, together with his support of the admission of Kansas as a slave state and the economic Panic of 1857, led to his loss of popularity. During 1860, he was unable to prevent the breakup of his own party which ultimately led to the election of Abraham Lincoln. He also failed to prevent the secessionist movement from making ground which eventually led to the Civil War. Although a dignified and intelligent man, Buchanan was a weak executive. His misfortunes were also compounded by the fact that he held office during one of the most difficult periods in American history.

eBook Code Title/Sub-Title Pub. Yr Pages File Size Type Download Format Find Printed Copy
AJBU002 Annual Addresses
  First Annual Address - 1857
  Second Annual Address - 1858
  Third Annual Address - 1859
  Fourth Annual Address - 1860
1857-1860 74 473k eBook Download PDF - 'Annual Addresses' (AJBU002) Find a printed copy of Annual Addresses by James Buchanan at AbeBooks
AJBU001 Inaugural Address 1857 5 139k eBook Download PDF - 'Inaugural Address' (AJBU001) Find a printed copy of Inaugural Address by James Buchanan at AbeBooks

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