Ortega y Gassett published his philosophical work, Adam in Paradise, in 1910 while a professor of metaphysics at the University of Madrid. In 1915 he founded Espana magazine, and followed with El Sol (The Sun) in 1917 and Revista de Occidente (Magazine of the West) in 1923. During the civil war years of 1936 to 1945 he spent a voluntary exile in Europe and Argentina. At the end of the Second World War, he returned to Spain and in 1948 founded the Institute for the Humanities in Madrid. His best known works include The Revolt of the Masses (1929) and Invertebrate Spain (1922). Ortega y Gassett was a tremendous influence on literary Spain during the 20th century.
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Revolt of the Masses
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