Not much is known about Machiavelli's early life. He held office as head of an administrative/diplomatic branch of the republican government of Florence, but was exiled when he was suspected of plotting against the Medici family and his ties to the Borgias. Machiavelli wrote his most famous work, Il Principe, or The Prince, in 1513. Said to have used Caesare Borgia as its central hero, The Prince is a masterpiece of political intrigue, methodologies and philosophy. Machiavelli returned to favour under the Medicis and became the official historian of Florence in 1520. His other important works include Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livy (1513), Art of War (1520), and The History of Florence and the Affairs of Italy (1520-25).
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Discourses Upon the First Decade of Titus Livy
History of Florence and of the Affairs of Italy
The Prince and Shorter Works
The Seven Books on the Art of War
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