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Eleanor Roosevelt

a.k.a. Anna Eleanor Roosevelt

Author Code: AAER

Born: Oct. 11, 1884 - New York City, New York, USA

Died: Nov. 7, 1962 - New York City, New York, USA

The niece of Theodore Roosevelt, Eleanor was educated by private tutors before attending finishing school at Allenswood Academy near London, England. She returned to America in 1902 for her debutante ball. She had been an active and well-liked student and continued her activity in New York joining the Junior League. She became engaged to her fifth cousin Franklin in November 1903 and they were married, against his mother Sara's wishes, in March, 1905. Franklin's political career took off and the couple had six children, but Eleanor's life was made difficult by her domineering mother-in-law. Franklin had an affair in 1918 with Eleanor's social secretary which almost ended the marriage, but they persevered. In 1921, Franklin was struck by polio and Eleanor convinced him to continue in politics, leading to the final conflict with his mother, who wanted him to retire. During the 1930's, Eleanor developed a long-term relationship, some say sexual in nature, with Lorena Hickock, an Associated Press reporter. By 1933, Hickock had resigned in order to be close to Eleanor, who secured her a position in the New Deal. Eleanor redefined the role of First Lady, becoming involved in numerous causes, holding press conferences and joining the lecture tour. She wrote a newspaper column (My Day) and became an outspoken critic of racial discrimination. She became the longest serving First Lady when Franklin was elected to a third term. Eleanor was a regular contributor of articles on a variety of subjects to all of the major periodicals. After Franklin's death, Eleanor returned to New York City and was appointed by President Truman to be a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly. The following year she became the chairperson of the UN Commission on Human Rights and would later help to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. She continued with the UN until 1953. During her final years, she served in a variety of roles including the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women and the National Advisory Committee of the Peace Corps. Probably the most controversial First Lady ever, she was also one of the most respected and admired women of the 20th Century. Besides her numerous articles, newspaper column and speeches, her works include her Autobiography (1937).

eBook Code Title/Sub-Title Pub. Yr Pages File Size Type Download Format Find Printed Copy
AAER002 Servants 1930 6 116k Article Download PDF - 'Servants' (AAER002) Find a printed copy of Servants by Eleanor Roosevelt at AbeBooks
AAER001 What Religion Means to Me 1930 4 106k Article Download PDF - 'What Religion Means to Me' (AAER001) Find a printed copy of What Religion Means to Me by Eleanor Roosevelt at AbeBooks

Note: An Asterisk (*) after an author´s name signifies that this is a Pseudonym



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