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Mahatma Gandhi

a.k.a. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Author Code: OMKG

Born: Oct. 2, 1869 - Porpandar, Gujarat, India

Died: Jan. 20, 1948 - New Delhi, India

Educated at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar and University College London, Gandhi studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1891. He returned to India, but was unable to obtain a living as a barrister. He took a job with an Indian company that posted him to South Africa in 1893. He incurred rampant racism and discrimination which opened his eyes to social injustice. In 1894, he helped to establish the Natal Indian Congress and over the next few years was involved in peaceful protests against the South African regime and the British authorities, eventually leading to a compromise agreement with General Jan Smuts. In 1906, Gandhi functioned as an Ambulance Corps volunteer during the Zulu war. Gandhi returned once again to India in 1915 and employed the tactics of non-cooperation and peaceful resistance against the British. In 1921, he was appointed president of the Indian National Congress, but he was arrested the following year for sedition and sentenced to six years. He was released in 1924 because of an appendicitis. It was at this time that the cooperation between Hindus and Moslems began to deteriorate and Gandhi spent much of his time over the ensuing decade trying to get a reconciliation between the sides. During the 1930's, Gandhi was threatened with assassination on a number of occasions. During the Second World War, he continued to demand independence from Britain, until he was arrested together with the entire Congress Working Committee in 1942. He spent two years in confinement and his health deteriorated due to malaria. Gandhi was against the partitioning of India, but was finally convinced to give his approval in order to avoid a Hindu-Moslem civil war. Nevertheless, the violence continued and in January, 1948, Gandhi began a hunger-strike in protest. On January 30th, while taking a walk in the garden, he was assassinated by Hindu extremists. Gandhi was a prolific writer who kept up an active correspondence with newspapers and magazines, many of which he had a hand in editing. His main works include Third Class in Indian Railways (1917), Indian Home Rule (1919), Ethical Religion (1922), Freedoms' Battle (1922), Bleeding Wound! (1932), Cent per cent Swadeshi (1938), My Early Life (1938), An Autobiography (1940, Beads of Wisdom (1940), My Appeal to the British (1942), Conquest of Self (1943) and Doctrine of the Sword (1943).

eBook Code Title/Sub-Title Pub. Yr Pages File Size Download eBook Find Printed Copy
OMKG002 Freedom's Battle 1922 105 617k Download PDF eBook 'Freedom's Battle' (OMKG002)   Find a printed copy of Freedom's Battle by Mahatma Gandhi at AbeBooks
OMKG001 Third Class in Indian Railways
  Ahimsa
  The Moral Basis of Co-operation
  National Dress
  Swadeshi
  Third Class in Indian Railways
  Vernaculars as Media of Instruction
1917 14 237k Download PDF eBook 'Third Class in Indian Railways' (OMKG001)   Find a printed copy of Third Class in Indian Railways by Mahatma Gandhi at AbeBooks

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